Florida, Texas and California all listed the pelican as “endangered’. Before the first use of DDT, in 1945, as many as 85,000 brown pelicans nested on the shores of the Pelican State, as Louisiana is known. Brown pelicans’ bodies are grey-brown in color. By 1985, Brown Pelicans were removed from the Endangered Species List for the eastern U.S. and ten years later the Brown Pelican was declared “recovered” in Louisiana. By 1963, every last pelican had vanished. By 1975, DDT was banned and the first Brown Pelican egg to hatch successfully in captivity was the Suncoast Seabird Sanctuary in Indian Shores, Florida. The lifespan of a Brown Pelican in the wild is 10-25 years or more. The aviary that houses Red can have as many as 100 convalescing brown pelicans at a time. The Brown Pelican was removed from the endangered species list in 2009. Pesticide Problem – In the 1940s, humans developed a number of new pesticides, including the pesticide DDT. Pelicans scoop up the fish into the largest throat pouch of any bird in the world (capacity: 2.5 gallons). Brown Pelicans are common and easy to recognize, learn what makes the unique below. Impertinent seagulls often steal the fish, even perching on the pelicans’ heads to do so. Also, while diving, a pelican rotates its body ever so slightly to the left. Brown Pelicans can be spotted flying just above the sea or bay, rising and falling with the waves in search of a tasty meal of small fish. The Brown Pelican has made a great comeback in Louisiana, and currently, 11,000 pairs of Brown Pelicans breed there. Although Brown Pelicans are a symbol of successful conservation, they still face many threats, and their populations need to be carefully monitored. It was so dire, that Louisiana had no Brown Pelicans left. They can reach a height of 4 feet tall. Brown Pelicans were delisted from the endangered species list in 2009. Brown Pelicans can hold 3 gallons of water (and fish!) Pollution from these pesticides, particularly DDT, wreaked havoc on many different ecosystems. Brown Pelicans, Pelecanus occidentalis, are large stocky birds with long thin necks and a stretchy throat pouch. All pelicans must learn the kamikaze technique of diving for fish from great heights in order to survive. The brown pelican is a large water bird with an oversized bill, long neck, webbed feet and a large, gray-brown body. The California Brown Pelican represents a species of special interest to Bird Rescue. (Scroll down to see a pretty incredible slo-mo video of brown pelicans plunge-diving.) They have long bow-shaped wings that can reach up to 6 feet in length. These birds continue to face many challenges including oil spills, fishing tackle entanglements, prey shortages, and climate change. In Louisiana, which claims the Brown Pelican as its state bird, no nesting pairs were found by 1961. Air sacs beneath the skin on their breasts act like cushions. 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