This peninsula is one of the most popular tourist destinations, especially for those looking to have some adventure. [7]. They are both members of the National Liberation Party (PLN).[9]. With miles of wild and beautiful beaches, a sprinkle of charming beach towns and exuding a laid-back feel, this rustic end of Costa Rica is the ideal getaway for rest and relaxation at the end of any Costa Rican adventure! The Nicoya Peninsula is as beautiful as it is ecological; an authentic gem boasting perfect coastlines of the Pacific at its feet and the Gulf of Nicoya by its side. History Background: Before 1983 Named for a 16th-century chief, the Nicoya Peninsula was a distinct cultural sub-region in pre-Columbian times, the southern limit of the Mesoamerican civilization. Population. Alternative Title: Península de Nicoya. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Nicoya, Costa Rica on Tripadvisor: See 803 traveler reviews and photos of Nicoya tourist attractions. [11], district in Nicoya canton, Guanacaste province, Costa Rica, District in Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica, "Declara oficial para efectos administrativos, la aprobación de la División Territorial Administrativa de la República N°41548-MGP", "Área en kilómetros cuadrados, según provincia, cantón y distrito administrativo", "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos", "Sistema de Consulta de a Bases de Datos Estadísticas", "Censo. Regions [] Cities [] Montezuma. Ticos, as Costa Ricans are commonly known, are proud of their country’s 100 year plus heritage of democratic government and social equality. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Nicoya-Peninsula. Health; History’s Best Longevity Diet: Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica. The Parroquia San Blas was founded in 1644 and houses today a … Map of Nicoya Peninsula 9.65 -85.066666666667 1 Montezuma . This region contrasts with any other in the Guanacaste- it is different in its natural habitat, climate and lifestyle. Following Central America’s independence from Spain in 1821, the peninsula and much of northwestern Costa Rica too became a province of the newly formed Nicaragua. The Nicoya Peninsula (Spanish: Península de Nicoya) is a peninsula on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.It is divided into two provinces: Guanacaste Province in the north, and the Puntarenas Province in the south. Inside of the Nicoya church. Nicoya Peninsula, the largest peninsula in the country, sits just south of the Northern Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. Nicoya is a district and head city of the Nicoya canton, in the Guanacaste province of Costa Rica, located on the Nicoya Peninsula. Nicoya has an area of 310.61 km²[4] and an elevation of 123 metres. History of Guanacaste Costa Rica History of Samara is tied up with the History of Guanacaste. Omissions? While the town elected 61-year-old Lorenzo Rosales Vargas[1] as mayor on December 3, 2006, he was only able to serve for about a year before quitting due to health reasons. They were later reformed and play their home games in the Estadio Chorotega. The peninsula extends 140 km to the south where the landscape progressively becomes more moist and hilly Centro Centroamericano de Población[6], For the 2011 census, Nicoya had a population of 24,833 inhabitants. Cape Blanco, on the Nicoya Peninsula, is about 25 miles (40 km) from the mainland, but the gulf narrows to a width of approximately 15 miles (24 km) farther northward. The base of the peninsula lies in the arid Guanacaste lowlands, but in the central and southern parts a range of mountains rises abruptly to more than 3,000 feet (900 metres). Start in Jacó, one of the most renowned surf spots in Costa Rica. It has several islands, most notably Chira, the largest, and San Lucas, the site of a prison until 1991. With a history buried deep into Costa Rica’s landscape, many tourists migrate here to bask in life’s simplicity presented in the forms of pristine beaches and tropical forests matched by sun-filled days and peaceful nights. A Nicoya Peninsula Cruise sweeps guests away to a tropical island paradise in South America. A.D. Guanacasteca[10] is the city's major football team, having spent several years in the Costa Rican Primera División. Cruises to Nicoya Peninsula Costa Rica offer a wonderful balance between a cruise from Costa Rica to Panama to private yachting and sailing with numerous adventure activities to enjoy at … A complete map of Nicoya will identify many fascinating places in the region. Tectonic Setting of the Nicoya Peninsula and Murciélago Islands The western margin of the Caribbean Plate consists of the Central American land bridge and the Central American trench where eastward subduction consumes the Cocos and, south of the … CIM - Travel Marketing Awards for Best Website 2017. Today the school has about 140 students, providing Early Childhood (Preescolar), Elementary School (Primaria) … The Nicoya Peninsula has long played an important role Costa Rica's history. It was Costa Rica's first colonial city and boasts the oldest church in Costa Rica. Nicoya was part of Nicaragua province in the colonial era, but shortly after independence it was annexed by Costa Rica together with the rest of Guanacaste. The pre‐Tertiary oceanic crust exposed on the west coast of Costa Rica has been broadly referred to as the Nicoya Complex. Kathy. This page was last edited on 6 October 2020, at 19:01. The combined geochemical data indicate that the sampled Nicoya Peninsula rocks belong to a single suite related by fractional crystallization of similar parental magmas. Nicoya Peninsula, the largest peninsula in the country, sits just south of the Northern Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. Both Sean and Tyler have been working with birds in their native New Jersey since a young age. Costa Rica's first nature reserve. About 75 mi (120 km) long and 19–37 mi (30–60 km) wide, it is Costa Rica's largest peninsula. Dazzling Nicoya. Facebook. The Tempisque, Abangares, and Tárcoles rivers empty into the gulf. Google+. Nicoya Peninsula Culture The Nicoya Peninsula is famous for its relaxed, laid-back vibe and is considered one of the world’s five Blue Zones. Interestingly, the M w 7.7 1950 Nicoya earthquake, while centred similarly below the peninsula, did create a meter-level tsunami across portions of the southern peninsula, and up to 10 cm inside the Gulf of Nicoya, despite having). The rugged Nicoya Peninsula, the largest peninsula in Costa Rica, is located on the country’s northern Pacific Coast. Previous radiometric ages of the Nicoya Peninsula rocks have not been useful in constraining their magmatic history. Set in a “blue zone” (an area where people frequently live beyond the ripe old age of 100), Playa Carillo is an off the beaten path spot to enjoy the crashing waves of the pacific ocean, evening stalls on the beach, or just a chance to “get away from it all” for a few days. It is the center for commercial cattle in the province of Guanacaste. Inside of the Nicoya church. On 5 September 2012, Nicoya was struck by a magnitude 7.6 earthquake, destroying houses in the canton. In “Blue Zone Nicoya Peninsula”, residents live even longer than those in other areas of Costa Rica. The Nicoya Peninsula is considered by Quest Network one of the Blue Zones in the world, where people commonly live active lives past the age of 100 years. Among the ideal Nicoyan lifestyle characteristics cited by the research were the water's high calcium and magnesium content, intense daily physical activity, year-long fruit consumption, and close inter-generational relationships. Nicoya is the main city in the Nicoya Peninsula of the Guanacaste province. Many in the community The wildlife in Southern Nicoya peninsula is common to both ecosystems. The Partido de Nicoya was a major part of what is now the Guanacaste province in Costa Rica.Originally the territory was bounded on the northeast by the La Flor river and Lake Cocibolca, or Lake Nicaragua, on the south by Costa Rica (Gulf of Nicoya, Tempisque River, Salto River), and on the east by a line that joins the northernmost part of the Gulf of Nicoya to the mouth of the San Juan River. The Nicoya Peninsula has long played an important role Costa Rica's history. It is located at It varies from 19 to 37 miles (60 km) wide and is approximately 75 miles (121 km) long, forming the largest peninsula in the country. We have reviews of the best places to see in Nicoya. The first settlers of the Nicoya Peninsula were the Chorotega, the indigenous people that are still alive and nowadays live mostly in the town of Matambú (you can visit them, around one hour from Nosara). Blue Zones are established based on the life expectancy of the people. Its capital is San José. Manakin is a bird species (chiroxiphia linearis) found on the Nicoya peninsula in tropical wet/dry forests. From Playa Avellanas to Playa Coyote, the peninsula’s coastline is full of fine sand, beautiful foliage and exotic landscape. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Twitter. P. DENYER and P.O. It is one of the country's most important tourist zones; it serves as a transport hub to Guanacaste's beaches and national parks. The sunniest days in Nicoya Peninsula are in February which has the most hours of sunshine per day with an average of 7.9 hours of sunshine per day, making it a quite sunny month with some cloud cover. The city of History. The southern Nicoya Peninsula had long been one of Costa Rica's most secluded gems. The History of Samara is really the history of Guanacaste. Liceo de Nicoya Was founded in 1956. The tiny nature reserve at the extreme southern end of the Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica seems too pretty and unassuming to have changed history, though it did. Updates? With its multiple nature preserves, quaint beach towns, and stellar surf breaks, it’s a popular destination for tourists from all over the world. Gulf of Nicoya, Spanish Golfo de Nicoya, inlet that indents the west-central part of the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.The inlet extends northward and northwestward from Cape Blanco (Cabo Blanco) for about 50 miles (80 km). Of all the Central American...…, Cordillera de Guanacaste, range and a section of the Continental Divide in northwestern...…, Gulf of Nicoya, inlet that indents the west-central part of the Pacific coast of Costa...…. The Nicoya Peninsula Nature Reserve That Changed Costa Rica History Article by Shannon Farley The tiny nature reserve at the extreme southern end of the Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica seems too pretty and unassuming to have changed history, though it did. This Pataky ceramic (late Period VI, AD 1000-1350) portrays a seated shaman transformed into a jaguar spirit companion form. Costa Rica’s largest peninsula, Nicoya measures about 85 miles (140 km) northwest–southeast and 40 to 60 miles (65 to 96 km) southwest–northeast. Costa Rica, country of Central America. Nicoya Peninsula, the largest peninsula in the country, sits just south of the Northern Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Cape Blanco, on the Nicoya Peninsula, is about 25 miles (40 km) from the mainland, but the gulf narrows to a width of approximately 15 miles (24 km) farther northward. Nevertheless, certain persisting cultural traits related to the Indian peoples from the north, such as a heavy reliance on corn (maize), tend to separate Nicoya from the rest of the country. The city of Nicoya is considered by many to be the political and cultural capital of the Nicoya Peninsula. Agriculture and cattle form the backbone of the city's economy, as well as the province which surrounds it. It's an academic high school, and it provides education to the whole canton of Nicoya. Nicoya Peninsula, Spanish Península de Nicoya, peninsula in western Costa Rica that is bounded on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, on the northeast by the Cordillera de Guanacaste, and on the southeast by the Gulf of Nicoya. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Nicoya, the principal town—as well as the other main villages on the peninsula—is linked by highway to Liberia, capital of Guanacaste province. Researchers have identified a group of villages on the peninsula (an 80-mile long finger of land on the Pacific Coast) with a significantly higher rate of longevity than the rest of Costa Rica—and the world, for that matter. Named after the indigenous chief of the area before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores, Nicoya is the charming principal town in the heart of the Nicoya Peninsula. You'll travel to three of the best places in Costa Rica to ride the waves on this 11-day trip. Nicoya. See Article History. The peninsula extends 140 km to the south where the landscape progressively becomes more moist and hilly. Select from premium Nicoya Peninsula Costa Rica of the highest quality. WhatsApp. Health History’s Best Longevity Diet: Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica. Regular Exercise Another reason the residents of the Nicoya Peninsula live so long is that they are physically active throughout their lives. End the adventure in Playa Tamarindo for surf days that end with glorious Pacific Coast sunsets. It was Costa Rica's first colonial city and boasts the oldest church in Costa Rica. History Today Nosara consists of a vast tropical forest, but it wasn’t always like this. The longest days in Nicoya Peninsula are in June, with an average of 12.7 hours of daylight per day.January has the shortest days with an average of 11.6 hours of daylight per day.. One of Costa Rica’s most popular destinations, the Nicoya Peninsula is located along the Northern Pacific Coast. The Cabo Blanco Absolute Nature Reserve – Costa Rica’s first privately protected reserve – put the ecotourism capital of the world on the path to protecting the country’s natural resources. In the 1950s the government of Costa Rica encouraged their citizens to "develop" the land on the isolated southern part of the Nicoya Peninsula. Nicoya is the major town of the peninsula and the cultural center of the province of Guanacaste. The residents of The peninsula extends 140 km to the south where the landscape progressively becomes more … The history of Cabo Blanco. Find the perfect Nicoya Peninsula Costa Rica stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. ... Our grandfathers were some of the original founders of this peninsula and it is a privilege to take visitors around the peninsula to learn the local history and first steps of our ancestors in this important sector of Costa Rica. Additionally, a common history strengthens the community’s ties. Población total por zona y sexo, según provincia, cantón y distrito", "Renunció alcalde de Municipalidad de Nicoya", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nicoya&oldid=982202944, 1523 establishments in the Spanish Empire, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Sean and Tyler jointly founded the Nicoya Peninsula Avian Research project in 2010 to learn more about Neotropical migrants on their wintering grounds and to study the biology of resident local birds that inhabit this important coastal ecosystem. It is separated from the mainland of Costa Rica by the Gulf of Nicoya and the Tempisque estuary. Descendants of the pre-Columbian Chorotega-Mangues Indians are still found in villages on the peninsula, but their original Mexican language has been replaced by Spanish. The Nicoya peninsula is also known as one of the world’s exclusive 7 Blue Zones. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Southern tip of the Nicoya Peninsula, western Costa Rica. Scientists and demographers have classified these longevity hot-spots as having common health traits and lifestyles that result in higher than normal longevity. The longest days in Nicoya Peninsula are in June, with an average of 12.7 hours of daylight per day.January has the shortest days with an average of 11.6 hours of daylight per day. Following Central America's independence from Spain in 1821, the peninsula — and much of northwestern Costa Rica, too — became a province of the newly formed Nicaragua. Condé Nast Traveller Readers’ Awards - … Nicoya Peninsula, Guanacaste and Puntarenas provs., W Costa Rica, separating the Pacific Ocean from the Gulf of Nicoya. 2011. There is some mining of gold in the north. Research shows that 30% of longevity comes from genes, and the remaining 70% from lifestyle. Nicoya is a district and head city of the Nicoya canton, in the Guanacaste province of Costa Rica, located on the Nicoya Peninsula. By. Hermosa Valley School was founded in 2001 in Playa Hermosa, Cóbano, Nicoya Peninsula with 2 classrooms, 3 teachers, and 13 students. 262. Pinterest. Montezuma is located on the Nicoyan Peninsula's southeastern end, at the end of an unpaved road that winds down forested hillsides. Im Nordwesten des Landes und somit am Pazifischen Ozean gelegen, befindet sich der nördliche Teil in der Provinz Guanacaste und der südliche Teil in der Provinz Puntarenas . Slash-and-burn agriculture. The Nicoya Peninsula's sparkling 80-mile shoreline boasts beach-centric towns with cream-colored shores and dense forests. 2.1. If you haven’t had a chance to get to Guanacaste and see what makes the Nicoya Peninsula such a wonderfully lively place, even among the older population, you should probably start planning. Montezuma is located on the Nicoyan Peninsula's southeastern end, at the end of an unpaved road that winds down Nicoya has also an airport for domestic flights with no current scheduled services. The mountains and forests are majestic and lush. We have had Family, Friends and guests all get lost when visitng us here in Samara, Costa Rica. The Pacific coast possesses many fine beaches and is a popular resort area. Nicoya Peninsula, Spanish Península de Nicoya, peninsula in western Costa Rica that is bounded on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, on the northeast by the Cordillera de Guanacaste, and on the southeast by the Gulf of Nicoya. As of 1850, Nicoya harvested pearls for exportation.[8]. El Mangroove is a stylish yet casual beach hotel located in the lovely Papagayo bay. The Nicoya Peninsula is a gulf in Guanacaste Costa Rica and its biological diversity, location, and magnificent beaches have made it a top destination in the country. Answer: Nicoya, Costa Rica (Administrative unit: Guanacaste) - last known population is ≈ 24 800 (year 2011).This was 0.539% of total Costa Rica population.If population growth rate would be same as in period 2000-2011 (+1.57%/year), Nicoya population in 2020 would be: 28 532*. Question: What is the population of Nicoya? The Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica has been named one of the five classified blue zones of the world, where residents live even longer than those in the rest of the country. The Guanacaste region was populated by indigenous people, mostly the Chorotegas. 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