Plastic bags cause the death of many marine animals when they are mistaken for food. As the City of Montreal announces a consultation on the potential ban of single-use plastic grocery bags, here are some facts to consider. In fact, a joint study at the University of Arizona and Loma Linda University in California discovered the presence of coliform bacteria in 51% of the 84 reusable grocery bags tested, with E. coli present in 8%. This comes in response to California passing legislation to ban plastic bags in November of 2016. Shoppers, as a whole, use approximately 500 billion single-use plastic bags each year, equating to 150 bags per individual, per year for each person on this plant — or enough to circle the planet 4,200 times. Common exemptions are: 5. “I think it goes without saying that plastics (bags included) are an enormous problem in terms of litter, mostly because plastic trash is ubiquitous, and plastic does not decay in a lifetime,” said Elizabeth Mullen Matteson, founder of The Litter Project. Bag bans have spawned bans of other plastic products, including plates, cups, cutlery, straws and bottles, as part of an expanding effort to reduce single-use … Understanding Plastic Bag Bans Around the World [INFOGRAPHIC]. i wasn’t sure about Austin’s city-wide ban a couple or so years ago . Often described as the number one consumer product in the world, and the most ubiquitous, plastic shopping bags are now among the “most-banned” of the world. 1977: The plastic bag is introduced to the grocery industry as an alternate option to paper shopping bags. Across 23 states, over 200 counties and municipalities have their own bans in place. The amount of petroleum it takes to produce one plastic bag could drive a car 11 metres (36 ft). Fifteen states — Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas and Wisconsin — have laws that ban cities and counties from enacting their own plastic bag bans that are being enforced to varying degrees of success. Despite South Australia’s ban on plastic bags, which has been in place since 2009, a 2011 litter report As it turns out, the companies that manufacture the bags themselves, such as Formosa Plastics and Novolex, employ thousands of people in plants and factories across the U.S. Every new plastic bag ban, critics argue, raises the risk of widespread layoffs. However, with each ban approved comes opposition as other states have taken measures to keep plastic bags in stores. According to EcoWatch, 10 metric tons of plastic fragments, including grocery bags, wash out to sea in the Los Angeles area every day. In 2019, five other different states enacted legislation: Along with plastic bags, there were also restrictions placed through Vermont’s SB 113 on single-use straws and polystyrene containers. Straws, plastic bags and tiny plastic pieces known as microplastics collect in huge ocean garbage patches, the biggest of which is referred to as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (the widening gyre). The ban’s impact on the global plastic recycling industry hasn’t been estimated yet. The City of Cincinnati's forthcoming ban on single-use plastic bags has raised a lot of questions, many of them concerning Kroger, the biggest user of plastic bags in the region. Lakes 5. Reducing the use of bags can mitigate harsh impacts to: It could also relieve pressure on waste management and landfills. On top of that, some stores in areas with anti-plastic bag ordinances have noticed a decrease in sales — shoppers are limited to purchasing only what will fit inside their reusable bags or simply choose to shop at a neighboring town that still uses plastic bags. These measures could be extremely effective. By decreasing the state’s usage, there will be less plastic pollution in the waterways and less litter in the communities.”. Copyright © 2020 All Rights Reserved. Reducing the use of bags can mitigate harsh impacts to: 1. Plastic bags are terrible for the economy and the environment. Today, he continues to provide and support the use of eco-friendly promotional products for small, medium, and Fortune 500 companies. Plastic bags can’t be sorted from other materials by the machinery at recycling facilities. In 2020, statewide plastic bag laws will become active in Maine, New York, Oregon and Vermont, with Connecticut and Delaware joining in 2021. 2008: The world’s population discarded approximately over 3.5 million tons of plastic bags. The bill also demanded a minimum charge of 10 cents at certain locations for: The ban was to go into effect on July 1, 2015, however, a referendum forced the problem onto the ballot in the election on November 2016. Learn the Facts. Around 27 countries have placed a tax on plastic bag production and 30 charge their consumers a fee if they wish to use plastic bags. Have you ever seen endangered sea turtles … The plastic bags to be banned are those that are commonly referred to a ‘scandal bags’ or other bags with dimensions of 24 inches by 24 inches or less. Call and let us help you select the perfect bag. 10 thoughts on “ The Two Sides of The Plastic Bag Ban Debate ” mike we January 3, 2017 at 2:23 pm. In case you haven’t heard of the Great Pacific Garbage … If a store is found in violation of the law after Jan. 1, 2020 a $250 fine will be issued for each single use plastic bag given out. According to a small pilot study, tiny pieces of plastic have been found in peoples’ waste in Russia, Europe and Japan. It is approved as a standard (hygienic) packaging material.”. For retailers, they are cheap, easy to store, and simple to open and fill. The remaining majority of the plastic bags not making it into the recycling bin lead to hazardous landfill and incinerator emissions or wind up as litter on the streets, in the parks or in the oceans and rivers. New York joins California, Connecticut, … In 2017–18, the Victorian Government received more than 8000 submissions to a public consultation on plastic pollution. This approach could help build on existing municipal and national efforts to eliminate single-use packaging, and could create opportunities for small and medium-sized companies to develop more benign alternatives. A year following the introduction of the legislation, plastic bag distribution in grocery stores fell on average by 70 percent, which avoided the use of 40 billion plastic bags. Plastic Bags Reduce Food Safety Risks. On a windy day in Arizona, the bag might get stuck on a cactus where it is held until it photodegrades.”, But no matter where a bag ends up, Chandler explains that it can cause long-term harm to the surrounding ecosystem. In some countries, individuals face jail time if they use plastic bags. In fact, some of the states that have prohibited bag bans are considering repealing the laws. Around one million sea birds also die because of plastic. Too many options to choose from? They also don’t require recycled content usage in biodegradable or custom recycled rpet plastic shopping bags. These states are: California was the first state in August 2014 to impose a ban statewide on large retail store single-use plastic bags. This includes degradable (and probably) biodegradable bags. The topic is also being discussed in Alabama and South Carolina. Sara Slavikova from Greentumble explains that “plastic bags and wrapping overall have become widely accepted. The United Nations, as of last July, counted 127 nations that taxed or banned plastic bags and bag regulations have grown so rapidly, particularly at the local level, that even a terrorist group, backed by Al-Qaeda, joined in and banned plastic bags because they considered them a serious threat to both humans’ and animals’ well-being. Only 16 countries had rules for the use of plastic alternatives or custom reusable bags, like plant-based material made bags. Lober is a passionate environmentalist with roots in the Southern California surf culture. 127 nations that taxed or banned plastic bags, Around 112 states, countries and cities worldwide, custom recycled rpet plastic shopping bags, Placed a ban on plastic bags thinner than 25 microns, Promoted the use of shopping baskets and cloth bags, The handling and transporting of fresh food and perishable items, Plastic bags for national security (duty-free and airport bags), export or agricultural uses. After being tossed out, they clog storm drains and sewage, degenerate into toxic microplastics that fester for up to 1,000 years in our landfills and oceans. The ban has supposedly saved 6 million tons of oil. Production contributes to air pollution and energy consumption. According to the EPA, the U.S. recycled just 9.1% of plastic material in 2015. While plastic bags, in theory, are recyclable, they’re not in practice. Plastic bags are terrible for the economy and the environment. Oceans 3. Beware of companies advertising super cheap and low quality products. Bag the Ban was developed in response to proposed laws that would ban or tax plastic grocery and retail bags. There is no national plastic bag fee or ban currently in effect in the United States.However, the states of California, Hawaii (de facto), New York, and Oregon, and the territories of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico have banned disposable bags. A study conducted in 2015 by researchers at UC Davis found that one quarter of fish sold at California markets contained whole or fibrous plastic in their stomachs. “The bag will exist in the environment for years because plastic doesn’t biodegrade. Thi… Those in favor of banning plastic bags argue that it would be one of the most effective ways to reduce the volume of plastic waste in the ocean. within a very few months after it passed, the difference was obvious. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch contains over 1.8 trillion floating plastic pieces or around 250 pieces of debris for each individual on the planet. Australia reported recently its slow plastic bag ban led to an 80 percent decrease of use. There are only 55 countries that comprehensively restrict retail plastic bag distribution together with restrictions on: The rest include inadequacies which may fail to curb plastic pollution overall. Ever wonder what happens to trash in landfills? We offer a 100% Quality & Price GUARANTEE on all imprinted products! Further research is needed to confirm whether the chemicals found in plastic can transfer to the parts of fish most frequently eaten by people. Taylor found these bag bans did what they were supposed to: People in the cities with the bans used fewer plastic bags, which led to about 40 million fewer pounds of plastic trash per year. If over 22% of the country’s population will adopt a bag-free lifestyle by 2021, should other states follow suit? As of January 1, 2019 the Government will impose a ban on single use plastic bags, straws and polystyrene. The plastic bag industry is deeply committed to the environment and, as such, does not agree with banning or taxing bags because these policies create negative consequences for … Industry figures show 90% of all grocery bags are plastic. Bags distributed at the bulk food section and meat or deli counter are exempt, along with: The law allows counties the choice of charging a five-cent fee on paper bags with three cents going to the state’s Environmental Protection Fund and two cents will go to local governments. Your Quote can have up to 5 items. This would have major health benefits for both sea life and humans. Every year, one trillion plastic bags – single use – are used, equating to 2 million per minute. For instance, China bans the importation of plastic bags and demands retailers charge their customers for bags, but doesn’t explicitly restrict plastic bag production or exportation. Wildlife It could also relieve pressure on waste management and landfills. Each year, 100,000 marine creatures die because of plastic entanglement. Hawaii has a statewide ban in effect since all of its large counties prohibit the use of checkout non-biodegradable plastic bags along with paper bags that contain less than 40 percent of recyclable material. To curb the consumption and production of plastic bags, in the year 2008, the Government of China: There were exemptions for bags used to handle fresh food like noodles and raw meat for hygiene reasons. And the restrictions list continues growing. Plastic Bag Production Is More Environmentally Friendly. Over that time, their light weight allows them to be carried long distances, causing environmental havoc along the way. The Queensland State Government has announced a plan to ban lightweight, single-use plastics bags by July 2018. Reusable alternatives are a major focus of the plastic ban debate. But for now, most of us still have to answer that age-old question: “Will that be paper or plastic?”. Other reasons why regulations for plastic bags aren’t yet efficient in slowing ocean pollution down are: 1. State legislatures have taken a number of measures into consideration for reducing the prevalence of plastic bags at supermarkets and other businesses. Air conditioner blowing hot air? They regulate a range of biodegradability and thicknesses requirements. . “The single-use plastic grocery bag is a prime example of unnecessary use of plastic,” said Mark Murray, the director of Californians Against Waste. Plastic bag ban. Americans use 100 billion plastic bags a year, which require 12 million barrels of oil to manufacture. Bans and taxes have a negative impact on working families and seniors on fixed incomes, but they don’t help the environment in any meaningful way—in fact they can cause bigger problems. Another way countries have tried addressing plastic waste pileup is by offering payments for plastic items returned. A 2018 study by the Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark showed that the manufacturing and disposal of plastic bags had a lower environmental impact than six alternate bags offered as replacement at most supermarkets. Editor’s Note: This post was originally published May 5, 2017 and was updated July 25, 2019 for accuracy and comprehensiveness. In 2017, the plastic products industry employed 989,000 nationwide, making it the eighth largest industry in the United States. Bag bans are based on lies, distortions, myths, and half-truths If bag bans were based on real evidence that there was a significant and direct link between plastic shopping bags and serious environmental damage, then the public would be supporting bag bans and they likely wouldn't even be needed. The ban excludes smaller barrier bags (without handles) and currently thicker department store style bags (more that 35 microns). Water bodies contaminated with plastic and its byproducts is a huge hazard to the environment, according to the UN. Plastic bags are made of polyethylene which is a petroleum product. Of those employees, 30,900 are directly involved in the making of plastic bags. But how eco-friendly ... 2. Find out how to safely remove Freon per EPA guidelines. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is growing. Different countries have different usage levels, but the entire world has to commit to reducing this usage. Plastic retail bags – the kind you get from your grocer or at the corner store — are being targeted for bans and taxes in communities around the country, regardless of the unintended consequences. CLEANSWEEP volunteers in Massachusetts collected 5,712 pounds of plastic bags in one of their cleanup campaigns. In January 2018, China introduced a ban on the plastic scraps import. In the ocean and on the land, plastic bags (and other single-use plastics such as straws and bottle caps) are often mistaken for food by turtles, fish and other marine life. This is terribly dangerous to the eco systems that provide food to billions of people.”. The District of Columbia, in 2009, enacted legislation that required all businesses selling alcohol or food to charge five cents for each plastic or carryout paper bag. Exactly how many years and how that plays out again depends on where it starts and where it ends up.”, “One reason why plastic bags have become such an ecological burden is our way of dealing with them at the end of their lifetime,” said Sara Slavikova, co-founder of Greentumble. Around 112 states, countries and cities worldwide have already imposed a ban on a variety of single-use plastic items. But, plastic bags do stay common, particularly in farmers’ markets and rural areas because of weak enforcement. There are many ways plastic can enter the food chain, for instance, plastic is broken down and winds up in the ocean as well as the marine animals we eat. June 1 st, 2008: The government of China places a ban on plastic bags. Over the last 15 years, Lober has launched and supported a number of environmental initiatives around the land, sea, and air. Refrigerator on the fritz? According to National Geographic, 73% of all beach litter is … Carl Heastie, New York Assembly speaker, told the Associated Press, “The convenience of plastic bags isn’t worth the impact they have on the environment. As a result, some stores are unable to hire more people. Rivers 2. ReusethisBag.com is one of the original U.S grown suppliers of wholesale reusable and recycled eco-friendly promotional bags and totes available in custom sizes. This web page is a brief summary of plastic … More: Plastic Waste Facts. Once ingested, the plastic causes the animal to suffocate or starve, as they cannot digest this material. With eight states approving plastic bag laws — six of which have come since 2017 — the movement against plastic bags continues to gain support. Unlike reusable fabric bags, plastic bags can take many lifetimes to biodegrade. While bans on plastic consumer items like bags, cups, straws, and whatever else may be great material for grandstanding by politicians, they only divert attention from developing real solutions that actually tackle the problem of plastic waste in our oceans. Last week, the state legislature voted to pass a ban on both plastic and paper single-use bags in grocery stores, which also includes a ban on single-use plastic bags in stores and restaurants and similar restrictions on polystyrene products in certain cases. It is one of the most common forms of litter. In the North Pacific Ocean, there are 6x more plastic debris than plankton. Not many countries regulate the whole lifecycle of plastic bags — from production and manufacturing, distribution and use to disposal and trade. Plastic bag bans have brought on bans of other plastic items, including: This is part of an expanding effort for reducing single-use plastics that makeup around 40 percent of the plastics manufactured all over the world. The ban covers the importation, manufacture and distribution of the materials. Forests 4. Several countries and cities have enacted bans or taxes on plastic bags, and have seen their plastic bag litter … One attractive strategy is to pursue a law binding phase-out on a global level of most single-use plastics. For instance, cambodia exempts the import of smaller volumes of plastic bags from its ban for non-commercial reasons. California was the first state to ban plastic bags and contains over 250 local jurisdictions with additional plastic restrictions. Plastic resins are also used in a variety of container and packaging products, such as PET beverage bottles, HDPE bottles for milk and water, and a wide variety of other resin types used in other plastic containers, bags, sacks, wraps and lids. Only 1 to 3% of plastic bags are recycled worldwide. For instance, India, France, Madagascar, Italy and a few other countries don’t completely ban plastic bags, but instead, they tax or ban plastic bags that’s thickness is less than 50 microns. Straws, plastic bags and tiny plastic pieces known as microplastics collect in huge ocean garbage patches, the biggest of which is referred to as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (the widening gyre). Plastic bags are harmful to wildlife and marine life. With Hawaii — which has a de facto ban due to all of the state’s counties imposing restrictions — added, that brings the total number of states with plastic bag banning laws to eight. To ban or not to ban: 6 facts about plastic bags. Additionally, the U.S. territories of American Samoa, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands and the U.S. Virgin Islands, with Guam set to join in 2021, have enacted plastic bag bans. 3. Eighty-nine countries favored partial bans or plastic bag restrictions over full bans. Governments frequently fail to offer subsidies for bags you can reuse. Of these measures, 25 are in Africa and 57 are national. Starting March 1, 2020, New York State’s ban on single-use plastic bags goes into effect. Bans in Maui, Kauai and Hawaii counties took effect through the years 2011 and 2013. Cities and states across the country are banning plastic bags, but those bans may be having unintended consequences. It may be time to dispose of your old appliance and remove the Freon safely. While plastic bags, in theory, are recyclable, they’re not in practice. Manufacture volume limitations are the least used regulatory strategy. 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